Jelena Dumančić, DDM, MSc, PhD, Assistant professor
The History of Dentistry is a course which provides understanding of origins and development of dentistry thus helping dental students to evaluate contemporary events in society and future development of dental profession.
• Explore the evolution of the concept of dental diseases and their treatment
• Explore the origins and development of dentistry
• Improve appreciation of dentistry as a learned profession.
The history of mankind is also a history of disease. The pathological conditions of the teeth and jaws – severe abrasion and periodontal disease - are evident in pre-Neanderthals and Neanderthals. Carious process was rare among paleolithic races but the incidence of caries increase to the early Stone Age along with the need for dental treatment. The oldest recorded procedures of this kind are found in Egyptian papyrus scrolls and on Babylonian clay tablets. Achievements in dental medicine are described according to the sources and remnants of ancient peoples worldwide until the turning point in the 18th century when the era of modern dental medicine started. The achievements of pioneers of dental profession and progress in dental disciplines based on natural sciences and technological advances are described along with research and education in dental medicine.
By the completion of the course, students will have been informed on the following issues:
• Dental medicine of pre-historic and ancient populations who belonged to archaic extra-European cultures.
• Dental medicine of classical Greeks or Romans, Islamic health care.
• Medieval dental medicine
• Awakening of natural sciences in 16th and 17th century
• 18th century - autonomy of dental medicine
• Pierre Fauchard,the father of modern dental medicine
• Dentistry in the Industrial Age
• Research efforts in dental medicine, anatomy of teeth, research on caries and theories of its origin; development of dental education
• Review of the history of dental medicine and development of dental education in Croatia
• Issues on dental disciplines (past – present – future in the world and in Croatia)
Hours in the Curriculum
The course is delivered in the fifth year (9th semester). It includes 5 introductory lectures and 10 seminars- the total of 15 hours.
Methods of Learning / Teaching
Lectures represent the basis for the acquisition of seminar topics which are presented by specialist teachers who are representatives of seven established dental disciplines in Croatia.
At the end of the course students take a written and oral examination.